Thursday, January 29, 2015

Artificial Intelligence : SUP 401 Locate important details in passages {Common Core CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1}

1
Bill Gates has a warning for humanity: Beware of artificial intelligence in the coming decades, before it's too late.
Microsoft's co-founder joins a list of science and industry notables, including famed physicist Stephen Hawking and Internet innovator Elon Musk, in calling out the potential threat from machines that can think for themselves. Gates shared his thoughts on AI on Wednesday in a Reddit "AskMeAnything" thread, a Q&A session conducted live on the social news site that has also featured President Barack Obama and World Wide Web founder Tim Berners-Lee.
2
"I am in the camp that is concerned about super intelligence," Gates said in response to a question about the existential threat posed by AI. "First, the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be super intelligent. That should be positive if we manage it well. A few decades after that, though, the intelligence is strong enough to be a concern."
3
Gates, who is co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, isn't the only one worried. Musk, the billionaire inventor and founder of SpaceX and CEO of electric car maker Tesla Motors, is not an expert in AI. But he did join a growing list of hundreds of researchers and professors in the field who signed an open letter earlier this month that proposed proper safeguards be put in place to research and develop such intelligence without humans losing control.
4
The reason they're worried is that AI isn't science fiction anymore. In stories and movies, AI is often presented as a good idea gone horribly wrong. In "The Matrix" movie trilogy, machines deem humanity a threat and enslave people in a virtual existence so they can feed off the electricity generated by the human body. When the Skynet computer system in "The Terminator" movie series becomes sentient, it wages a multiyear war using human-like robots designed to kill. HAL 9000, the socio-pathic supercomputer from "2001: A Space Odyssey," is now a cinematic icon -- HAL's robotic tone and malevolent quotes have become pop culture tropes.
5
Back in the real world, Apple's voice-based personal assistant Siri may seem a little dumb now, but AI is getting smarter as researchers develop ways to let machines teach themselves and mine the deep trove of data produced by our many connected gadgets. IBM's Watson supercomputer has moved on from besting Jeopardy ` to conducting medical research and diagnosis, and researchers earlier this month detailed a new computer program that can beat anyone at poker. A need to worry? Of course not, but Gates and others are trying to imagine the worst.
6
Musk in October called AI development "summoning the demon," and has invested in the space to keep his eye on it. Hawking, writing for The Independent in May 2014, also expressed his concerns. "Whereas the short-term impact of AI depends on who controls it, the long-term impact depends on whether it can be controlled at all," Hawking wrote.  Gates' warning comes as Microsoft is developing a machine intelligence called Cortana. The software, based off the well-known AI character from the company's Halo series of video games, is available in Microsoft's Windows Phone mobile software. Cortana will soon make its way onto PCs as part of Windows 10, the new version of the company's popular operating system. Windows 10 with Cortana is due later this year.
7
Though Gates stepped down as CEO in 2000 and left his role as chairman last year when CEO Satya Nadella took over as chief, he remains a technology adviser in the company, which is the world's largest maker of software. Gates is also working on what he calls Microsoft's Personal Agent project, a kind of software secretary designed to help you remember things and advise you on what to pay attention to.  "The idea that you have to find applications and pick them and they each are trying to tell you what is new is just not the efficient model - the agent will help solve this," he said. "It will work across all your devices."
8
Gates offered a glimmer of hope for those fearful of our future robot overlords.
A Reddit user asked whether computer programming was a smart career choice for people who aren't expert-level coders, because automation and AI will likely replace all lower-level programmers in the future.

"It is safe for now! It is also a lot of fun and helps shape your thinking on all issues to be more logical," he answered. "Understanding how to program will always be useful."

Article from:  http://www.cnet.com/news/bill-gates-is-worried-about-artificial-intelligence-too/

Part 1: Fill in the chart with:
Noun: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Verb: Shows Action
Adjective: Modifies a Noun
Article: Refers to a Noun (remember, only “THE”,” An”,” A” are articles)

Word
Part of Speech
Noun, Verb, Article
What does it do? (Person, place, thing, idea) Or (Shows Action)
  1. Bill Gates
  2. Artificial
  3. Intelligence
Noun
Adjective
Noun

person
Modifies a noun
Idea


LITERACY FOCUS
Part 2:  Stretch Question-Celebrate Writing

  1. According to paragraph 1, what is Bill Gates afraid of?
  2. According to paragraph 2, what do we have to do to AI in order for it to be safe?
  3. According to paragraph 3, what types of people signed the open letter which warns of the dangers of AI?
  4. According to paragraph 5, what does the Skynet computer in the movie Terminator do once it becomes sentient?
  5. Create a question based on the above information that you your classmates can answer to deepen their understanding.
  6. The transferable vocabulary word is inventor.  What does this word mean? Explain how the transferable vocabulary can be used in another subject?

Part 3: Work With a Partner

  1. Ask your partner if they agree that computers becoming super intelligent could be dangerous.
  2. Do you agree with what your partner said in question 7?  Use the outline on the board for this question and answer.  This question is worth more than all the others.  Take your time writing your answer.
  3. Working with your partner, what do you think is the main idea of this article? Cite a line from the text to support why you think this is the main idea.

EPAS Skill for next exam:  Using a colon to introduce a series (list) of items.
Write the following sentence on your paper and complete it with 3 things that Nintendo did before making video games.


  1. The following groups of people have signed an open letter warning of the dangers of artificial intelligence : 

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Nintendo : SUP 401 Locate important details in passages {Common Core CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1}

1
Before they made video games, Nintendo made loads of other sweet stuff. One of the sweetest was this Ultraman board game, which has art that looks as awesome today as it did in 1966.
2
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics company headquartered in Kyoto, Japan. Nintendo is the world's largest video game company by revenue.  Founded on September 23, 1889  by Fusajiro Yamauchi, it originally produced handmade hanafuda playing cards.  By 1963, the company had tried several small niche businesses, such as cab services and love hotels.
3
Abandoning previous ventures in favor of toys in the 1960s, Nintendo then developed into a video game company in the 1970s, ultimately becoming one of the most influential in the industry and Japan's third most valuable listed company with a market value of over US$85 billion. Nintendo of America is also the majority owner of the Seattle Mariners Major League Baseball team. The word "Nintendo" can be roughly translated from Japanese to English as "leave luck to heaven." As of March 31, 2014, Nintendo reports historically cumulative sales of over 670.43 million hardware units and 4.23 billion software units,
4
1889–1956: As a card company
Nintendo was founded as a card company in late 1889, later (1951) named Nintendo Koppai (Nintendo Playing Card Co. Ltd.). Based in Kyoto, Japan, the business produced and marketed a playing card game called Hanafuda. The handmade cards soon became popular, and Yamauchi hired assistants to mass-produce cards to satisfy demand. Nintendo now continues to manufacture playing cards in Japan and organizes its own contract bridge tournament called the "Nintendo Cup".
5
In 1956, Hiroshi Yamauchi, grandson of Fusajiro Yamauchi, visited the U.S. to talk with the United States Playing Card Company, the dominant playing card manufacturer there. He found that the world's biggest company in his business was only using a small office. This was a turning point when Yamauchi realized the limitations of the playing card business. He then gained access to Disney's characters and put them on the playing cards to drive sales.
6
In 1963, Yamauchi renamed Nintendo Playing Card Co. Ltd. to Nintendo Co., Ltd.  The company then began to experiment in other areas of business using newly injected capital. During this period of time between 1963 and 1968, Nintendo set up a taxi company, a love hotel chain, a TV network, a food company (selling instant rice) and several other ventures. All of these ventures eventually failed, and after the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, playing card sales dropped, and Nintendo's stock price plummeted.
7
In 1966, Nintendo moved into the Japanese toy industry with the Ultra Hand, an extendable arm developed by its maintenance engineer Gunpei Yokoi in his free time. Yokoi was moved from maintenance to the new "Nintendo Games" department as a product developer. Nintendo continued to produce popular toys, including the Ultra Machine, Love Tester and the Kousenjuu series of light gun games. Despite some successful products, Nintendo struggled to meet the fast development and manufacturing turnaround required in the toy market, and fell behind the well-established companies such as Bandai and Tomy.
8
In 1973, its focus shifted to family entertainment venues with the Laser Clay Shooting System, using the same light gun technology used in Nintendo's Kousenjuu series of toys, and set up in abandoned bowling alleys. Following some success, Nintendo developed several more light gun machines (such as the light gun shooter game Wild Gunman) for the emerging arcade scene. While the Laser Clay Shooting System ranges had to be shut down following excessive costs, Nintendo had found a new market.

                       
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nintendo

Part 1: Fill in the chart with:
Noun: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Verb: Shows Action
Adjective: Modifies a Noun
Article: Refers to a Noun (remember, only “THE”,” An”,” A” are articles)

Word
Part of Speech
Noun, Verb, Article
What does it do? (Person, place, thing, idea) Or (Shows Action)
  1. Video
  2. Games
  3. Kyoto, Japan
Adjective
Noun
Noun

Modifies a noun
Thing
Place


LITERACY FOCUS
Part 2:  Stretch Question-Celebrate Writing

  1. According to paragraph 1, what did Nintendo make before video games?
  2. According to paragraph 2, Nintendo tried several ‘niche’ businesses.  Using context clues, what do you think this word means?
  3. According to paragraph 3, what is the translation of Nintendo? Why do you think the company might have chosen this name?
  4. According to paragraph 5, how did Yamauchi realize that a playing card company had limitations?  Cite a line which supports this.
  5. Create a question based on the above information that you your classmates can answer to deepen their understanding.
  6. The transferable vocabulary word is revenue.  What does this word mean? Explain how the transferable vocabulary can be used in another subject?

Part 3: Work With a Partner

  1. Ask your partner if they knew what Nintendo did before they became a giant in the video game industry. Which video game company does your partner think is the best video game company ?  Why do they think this?
  2. Do you agree with what your partner said in question 7?  Use the outline on the board for this question and answer.  This question is worth more than all the others.  Take your time writing your answer.
  3. Working with your partner, what do you think is the main idea of this article?

EPAS Skill for next exam:  Using a colon to introduce a series (list) of items.
Write the following sentence on your paper and complete it with 3 things that Nintendo did before making video games.


  1. Before making video games, Nintendo did the following: 

Monday, January 26, 2015

Earnie Banks : SUP 401 Locate important details in passages {Common Core CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1}

1
Banks signed with the Cubs in the fall of 1953. He made his major league debut at Wrigley Field on September 17 at age 22, and played in ten games. He became one of a handful of former Negro league players who joined MLB teams without playing in the minor leagues, and was also the Cubs' first black player. In regard to Banks' view of race in baseball, authors Larry Moffi and Jonathan Kronstadt wrote that Banks "just was not the crusading type. He was so grateful to be playing baseball for a living, he did not have time to change the world, and if that meant some people called him an Uncle Tom, well, so be it. Banks was not about changing anyone's mind about the color of his skin; he was about baseball, pure and simple."[16]
2
He received a visit from Jackie Robinson during that first game he played that influenced his quiet presence in baseball. Robinson told Banks, "Ernie, I'm glad to see you're up here so now just listen and learn."   "For years, I didn't talk and learned a lot about people."Over time when Banks felt like becoming more vocal, he discussed the issue with teammate Billy Williams, who advised him to remain quiet. Williams drew the analogy of fish that get caught once they open their mouths. "I kept my mouth shut but tried to make a difference. My whole life, I've just wanted to make people better", Banks said. (Chicago Tribune article, 2013)
3
In 1954, Banks' double play partner during his official rookie season was Gene Baker, the second Cubs black player. Banks and Baker roomed together on road trips and became the first all-black double-play combination in major league history.  When Steve Bilko played first base, Cubs announcer Bert Wilson referred to the Banks-Baker-Bilko double play combination as "Bingo to Bango to Bilko".  Banks hit 19 home runs and finished second to Wally Moon in Rookie of the Year voting.  Banks became a participant in a trend toward much lighter baseball bats after he accidentally picked up a teammate's bat and liked how easy it was to generate bat speed.
4
In 1955, Banks hit 44 home runs, had 117 RBIs, and batted .295. He played in his first of 14 All-Star Games that season.  His home run total was a single-season record among shortstops.  He also set a thirty year record of five single-season grand slam home runs.  Banks finished third that year in the league's Most Valuable Player (MVP) voting. The Cubs finished with a 72-81 win-loss record, winning only 29 of 77 road games. In 1956, Banks missed 18 games due to a hand infection, breaking his 424 consecutive games played streak.  He finished the season with 28 home runs, 85 RBIs, and a .297 batting average. In 1957, he finished the season with 43 home runs, 102 RBIs, and a .285 batting average.
5
In 1958 and 1959, Banks became the first NL player to be awarded back-to-back NL MVP Awards. He hit .313 and led the NL with 47 HR in 1958 and hit .304 with 45 HR in 1959, and was the league's RBI leader with 129 and 143 RBI in both of those seasons.  In 1959, the Cubs came the closest to a winning season since Banks' arrival, finishing with a 74-80 record.  In 1960, Banks hit a league-leading 41 HR, had 117 RBI, and led the league in games played for the sixth time in seven years.  He also received the league's annual Gold Glove award for shortstop that year.
6
Joe Reichler, a writer for the Associated Press, reported on the eve of the 1960 World Series, that the Milwaukee Braves were prepared to pay cash and trade pitchers Joey Jay, Carlton Willey, and Don Nottebart, outfielder Billy Bruton, shortstop Johnny Logan, and first baseman Frank Torre in exchange for Banks from the Cubs. Though Banks’ power dwindled in his final years, he was a prolific slugger in his prime, hitting more than 40 homers in four of out five seasons between 1955 and 1960 and leading the National League in round-trippers twice.
7
In 1958, he slugged a career-high 47 while hitting .313, driving in 129 runs and winning the first of back-to-back MVPs. He hit more than 20 homers 13 times and more than 30 seven times. He’s tied with Eddie Matthews for 22nd on the all-time home runs list, just 8 behind Albert Pujols and 9 behind Ted Williams, Willie McCovey and Frank Thomas.

Mr. Cub hit his 500th homer on May 12, 1970 at Wrigley Field against the Braves.



Part 1: Fill in the chart with:
Noun: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Verb: Shows Action
Adjective: Modifies a Noun
Article: Refers to a Noun (remember, only “THE”,” An”,” A” are articles)

Word
Part of Speech
Noun, Verb, Article
What does it do? (Person, place, thing, idea) Or (Shows Action)
  1. signed
  2. debut
  3. crusading
  4. type

Verb
Noun
Adjective
Noun
Shows Action
Idea
Modifies a noun
Idea

LITERACY FOCUS
Part 2:  Stretch Question-Celebrate Writing

  1. According to paragraph 1, why do you think Banks was ‘grateful’?
  2. According to paragraph 2, what happens when a fish opens his mouth?  How does this relate to Banks?
  3. According to paragraph 3, what do you think the word ‘rookie’ means, according to the context?
  4. According to paragraph 5, list Banks’ accomplishments. (You will need this for later.)
  5. Create a question based on the above information that you your classmates can answer to deepen their understanding.
  6. The transferable vocabulary word is crusading.  What does this word mean? Explain how the transferable vocabulary can be used in another subject?

Part 3: Work With a Partner

  1. Ask your partner if they agree with what is says in paragraph 1 about Banks being grateful.  Should someone be grateful to play sports for a living?  Why?
  2. In paragraph 8, the word prolific is used.  What do you think that word might mean according to the context clues?
  3. Do you agree with what your partner said in question 11?  Use the outline on the board for this question and answer.  This question is worth more than all the others.  Take your time writing your answer.

Use the outline on the board for #13

SEMANTIC VOCABULARY WORD:  Crusade

Article From:



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernie_Banks

Sunday, January 25, 2015

Earnie Banks : SUP 401 Locate important details in passages {Common Core CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1}

1
Ernest "Ernie" Banks (January 31, 1931 – January 23, 2015), nicknamed "Mr. Cub" and "Mr. Sunshine", was an American professional baseball player. He was a Major League Baseball (MLB) shortstop and first baseman for 19 seasons, 1953 through 1971. He spent his entire MLB career with the Chicago Cubs. He was a National League (NL) All-Star for 11 seasons, playing in 14 All-Star Games.  Banks is regarded by some as one of the greatest players of all time.
2
Banks, born and raised in Dallas, entered Negro league baseball in 1950, playing for the Kansas City Monarchs. He served in the US military for two years and returned to the Monarchs before beginning his major league career in September 1953. Banks made his first MLB All-Star Game appearance in 1955. He received two consecutive National League Most Valuable Player awards in 1958 and 1959, and received his first and only Gold Glove award for shortstop in 1960.
3
He was transferred to the left field position during the 1961 season followed by a final change to first base that year. Cubs manager Leo Durocher became frustrated with Banks in the mid-1960s, saying that the slugger's performance was faltering, but he felt that he was unable to remove Banks from the lineup due to the star's popularity among Cubs fans. Banks was a player-coach from 1967 through 1971. In 1970, Banks hit his 500th career home run. In 1972, he joined the Cubs coaching staff after his retirement as a player.
4
Banks was active in the Chicago community during and after his tenure with the Cubs. He founded a charitable organization, became the first black Ford Motor Company dealer in the United States, and made an unsuccessful bid for a local political office. He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1977. In 1999, he was named to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. In 2013, he was awarded the *Presidential Medal of Freedom for his contribution to sports. Banks lived in the Los Angeles area. (See the footnote at the end of the page for what this award is.)
5
Banks was born in Dallas, Texas, to Eddie and Essie Banks on January 31, 1931. He had eleven siblings, ten of them younger.  His father who had worked in construction and was a warehouse loader for a grocery chain, played baseball for black semi-pro teams in Texas.[5] As a child, Banks was not very interested in baseball, preferring swimming, basketball and football. His father bought him a baseball glove for less than three dollars at the local five and dime store. He bribed Banks with nickels and dimes to play catch. Ernie's mother encouraged him to follow one of his grandfathers into a career as a minister.
6
He graduated from Booker T. Washington High School in 1950. He lettered in basketball, football, and track.  While the school did not have a baseball team, he played fastpitch softball for a church team during the summer. He was also a member of the Amarillo Colts, a semipro baseball team.  History professor Timothy Gilfoyle wrote that Banks was discovered by Bill Blair, a family friend who scouted for the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League.  Other sources report that he was noticed by Cool Papa Bell of the Monarchs.
7
In 1951, Banks was drafted into the US Army and served in Germany during the Korean War. He suffered a knee injury in basic training, but recovered after a few weeks of rest and therapy.  He served as a flag bearer in the 45th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion at Fort Bliss and while there he played with the Harlem Globetrotters on a part-time basis.  In 1953, he was discharged from the army and finished playing for the Monarchs that season with a .347 batting average.   Banks later said, "Playing for the Kansas City Monarchs was like my school, my learning, my world. It was my whole life."  In fact, when he was sold to the Chicago Cubs, Banks was reluctant to leave his Monarchs teammates.[13]



* The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the President of the United States and is—along with the comparable Congressional GoldMedal, bestowed by an act of U.S. Congress—the highest civilian award of the United States.


Part 1: Fill in the chart with:
Noun: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Verb: Shows Action
Adjective: Modifies a Noun
Article: Refers to a Noun (remember, only “THE”,” An”,” A” are articles)

Word
Part of Speech
Noun, Verb, Article
What does it do? (Person, place, thing, idea) Or (Shows Action)
  1. Concussion
  2. Takes
  3. Hard
  4. Knock

Noun
Verb
Adjective
Noun
Thing
Shows Action
Modifies a Noun
Think

LITERACY FOCUS
Part 2:  Stretch Question-Celebrate Writing

  1. According to paragraph 1, what two positions did Banks play on his baseball team?
  2. According to paragraph 2, Banks earned an award for two consecutive years. What does ‘consecutive’ mean?
  3. According to paragraph 3, why did Leo Durocher become frustrated with Banks?
  4. According to paragraph 4, what did Banks do to help other people?
  5. Create a question based on the above information that you your classmates can answer to deepen their understanding.
  6. The transferable vocabulary word is community.  What does this word mean? Explain how the transferable vocabulary can be used in another subject?

Part 3: Work With a Partner

  1. Ask your partner if they agree with what is says in paragraph 4 about getting the Presidential Medal of Freedom for a person who plays sports?  Should they get that award?  Why or why not?
  2. In paragraph 8, the word faltering  is used .  What does this word mean in this context?
  3. Do you agree with what your partner said in question 7?  Use the outline on the board for this question and answer.  This question is worth more than all the others.  Take your time writing your answer.

Use the outline on the board for #9

EPAS Skill for next exam:  Using a colon to introduce a series (list) of items.
Write the following sentence on your paper and complete it with 3 things that Earnie Banks did in the article you read today.

  1. These are the reasons Earnie Banks is a great American Hero:  he was a professional baseball player, (second item here), and (third item here).

Article From:



Sunday, January 11, 2015

Concussions : SUP 401 Locate important details in passages {Common Core CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1}

A concussion can happen when someone takes a hard knock to the head. The concussion can lead to headaches, feeling dizzy or confused, or mood changes. Rest and quiet are the most important steps to recovery.  Sometimes, doctors want to “cocoon” a child who has a concussion. That means they are kept at home in a dark room with no TV, music, bright lights or smartphones. Sometimes the injured child is cocooned for up to five days.
2
A new study has found that this strict treatment is not necessary. Researchers at the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee compared the results of treating teens for two different lengths of time. They found that resting for one or two days was enough in most cases. After that, the injured young person can slowly return to normal activities.  Strict rest of up to five days for adolescents — young people and teens — did not help them recover faster, the study found.
3
Worries Caused More Symptoms.  The Children’s Hospital researchers studied 88 young people — ages 11 to 22 — who had suffered mild concussions. Forty-five of them rested for one to two days and then slowly returned to their normal activities. Forty-three teens were restricted for five days: they were kept in quiet rooms, and not allowed to go to school.  The study found that the longer rest did not help kids. It might have even made them feel worse.
4
The researchers were "startled" that the strict rest "was not making a difference,” said Dr. Danny G. Thomas of the Children’s Hospital.  “(We were) more startled when kids who were resting longer began complaining of more symptoms,” Thomas said. The doctors believe that worries over missing schoolwork and being kept away from friends led to those kids feeling more symptoms. Getting rest is helpful after a concussion, but there has not been much research on just how much rest is best.
5
Experts do know that too much physical or mental activity too soon after a concussion can mean that it takes longer to get better. The symptoms of a concussion fade slowly. It is more like a light dimming than a light being switched off, Thomas said.  Concussions are caused by brain trauma — often being hit on the head hard while playing sports.
6
Neurons are nerve cells in the brain that exchange information. With a concussion, chemicals enter and leave the neurons, draining their energy. The neurons do not work correctly again until their energy levels come back to normal. This takes time.  If someone has a concussion, they might feel dizzy or confused. They also could feel anxious or have mood changes. There might be problems with vision, bad headaches, nausea, or neck pain.
7
Different types of concussions have different effects. Also, different people have different symptoms.  "The Study Was Well Done"  “I thought the study was well done,” said Dr. Micky Collins, a concussion expert at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC). “More research like this is needed.”  Collins said research at UPMC has identified six types of concussions. Each type requires a special treatment plan designed for the patient by a concussion expert.
8
One thing is clear from the study and UPMC research: “Never restrict the adolescent to a dark room,” Dr. Collins said. “You’ll never hear us say, ‘Sit in a dark room and get better.’"  Dr. Kevin M. Kelly, who runs concussion services at Allegheny General Hospital, said the study was a good one. The researchers collected so much information, that it was “heroic,” the brain doctor said.  It is important to remember that one treatment is not always right for all patients, Kelly said. He recommended personalized treatment and “brain rest” for most children.

Kelly said that a bigger study is necessary. He suggested hospitals and universities could work together to develop guidelines on how to treat different types of concussions.








Part 1: Fill in the chart with:
Noun: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Verb: Shows Action
Adjective: Modifies a Noun
Article: Refers to a Noun (remember, only “THE”,” An”,” A” are articles)

Word
Part of Speech
Noun, Verb, Article
What does it do? (Person, place, thing, idea) Or (Shows Action)
  1. Concussion
  2. Takes
  3. Hard
  4. Knock

Noun
Verb
Adjective
Noun
Thing
Shows Action
Modifies a Noun
Think

LITERACY FOCUS
Part 2:  Stretch Question-Celebrate Writing

  1. According to paragraph 1, what can a concussion lead to? (3 things)
  2. According to paragraph 2, how much rest is necessary?
  3. According to paragraph 3, what did longer rest do for the patients?
  4. According to paragraph 4, what led to more symptoms?  (2 things)
  5. Create a question based on the above information that you your classmates can answer to deepen their understanding.
  6. The transferable vocabulary word is information.  What does this word mean? Explain how the transferable vocabulary can be used in another subject?

Part 3: Work With a Partner

  1. Ask your partner if they agree with what is says in paragraph 8 about one treatment not being right for every patient.  Does your partner agree with this?  Why?
  2. In paragraph 8, the word restrict is used when they are talking about putting a patient in a dark room.  What does this word ‘restrict’ mean in this context?
  3. Do you agree with what your partner said in question 7?  Use the outline on the board for this question and answer.  This question is worth more than all the others.  Take your time writing your answer.

Use the outline on the board for #9


Article From:



https://newsela.com/articles/concussion-reststudy/id/6815/

Plane Accident : SUP 401 Locate important details in passages {Common Core CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1}

Flying wasn't something that filled Marty Gutzler with fear, if the photos the pilot had posted to Facebook last week were any indication. A father and husband, he'd taken a grinning selfie of himself in the pilot's seat of a small plane, headset on, as two young girls fiddled with crayons and a basketball in the back seats. "If God brings you through it, he will bring you through it!" read a meme Gutzler, 48, of Nashville, Ill., posted Dec. 28. The phrase would come to have a tragic new resonance for Gutzler's family less than a week later.
2
No one knows yet exactly what went wrong on Gutzler's final flight Friday night, a matter the National Transportation Safety Board has begun investigating. A pilot, probably Gutzler, radioed a distress call to aviation authorities to request an emergency landing at a nearby airfield in western Kentucky. But his Piper PA-34-200T never made it. On board were Gutzler, his wife, Kimberly Gutzler, 46, daughters Piper, 9, and Sailor, 7, and the girls' cousin Sierra Wilder, 14, all returning to Illinois from Key West, Fla. The twin-engine plane came to a rest upside down in a wooded swath of rural Kuttawa, Ky., in Lyon County.
3
It was cold and dark, and the crash site reeked of fuel, searchers said later, noting there was evidence of a small, post-impact fire. Out of this scene, a single figure had emerged: Gutzler's younger daughter, Sailor, who managed to free herself from the craft despite an apparent broken wrist. The plane had come down about six miles east of Kentucky Dam State Park Airport. Not a light could be seen from where Sailor stood, officials said later. She would tell officials that she thought about lighting a stick from the fire created by the crash to make a little light, but no stick could be found.
4
So Sailor, still dressed for Florida's warm weather, set out shoeless, in shorts and in a short-sleeved shirt, in the 38-degree cold to find help for her family, hoping they were just unconscious, officials said later. She passed through brambles, ditches and fallen hickory trees in the darkness. In less than half an hour, Sailor saw the lights of Larry Wilkins' home and made her way to his porch. Stunned, Wilkins, 71, took in the teary-eyed child, put her on his couch and called 911. His two dachshunds, Pete and Bonnie, helped comfort her until police arrived 10 minutes later with an ambulance to treat her injuries, which included scratches on her arms and legs, he said Saturday.
5
Kentucky State Police Lt. Brent White was the second officer to arrive at Wilkins' house, and at a televised news conference Sunday, said he was struck by how "amazingly calm" Sailor seemed. Wilkins had helped clean up some of the girl's injuries, and although she was "probably in shock," White said, Sailor was able to provide remarkable detail on what had happened to her and where she had come from. Even more remarkable than Sailor's composure, White said, was the path that she had chosen through the woods to Wilkins' house.
6
"We were talking about that being some divine intervention there, because she absolutely went to probably the nearest house that she could have," White said of his conversations with other rescuers, also noting that the path was nonetheless a hard one. "It was still a considerable feat for her to do that." For the next two hours, their flashlights hampered by the mist, searchers from Lyon County and beyond scoured the woods near Wilkins' home before Lyon County Sheriff Kent Murphy found the crash site, White said.
7
Aerial footage showed a tattered white plane with half a wing broken off and a bent tail. The bodies of Marty, Kimberly, and Piper Gutzler and Sierra Wilder were  inside the plane, secured in their restraints and possibly braced for impact, said White. He was unsure why Sailor had been able to survive. Officials assigned a Kentucky State Police trooper to stay with Sailor until she left Kentucky. White said Sunday a woman in Sailor's family -- possibly a stepsister -- came to Kentucky and met Sailor shortly before the girl was discharged from the hospital. "She is one remarkable young lady," NTSB investigator Heidi Moats said at a Sunday news conference.
8
On Sunday, NTSB investigators began their first day investigating and trying to collect perishable evidence from the crash site before the plane is taken away for further examination. Moats said the NTSB would issue a preliminary report in about 10 days, but that the conclusion of the investigation would take considerably longer.For friends and relatives of the Gutzlers, the grief and healing has also only just begun.

Part 1: Fill in the chart with:
Noun: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Verb: Shows Action
Adjective: Modifies a Noun
Article: Refers to a Noun (remember, only “THE”,” An”,” A” are articles)

Word
Part of Speech
Noun, Verb, Article
What does it do? (Person, place, thing, idea) Or (Shows Action)
  1. Marty Gutzler
  2. Pilot
5.  small

Noun
Noun
Adjective
Person
Person
Modifies a noun

LITERACY FOCUS
Part 2:  Stretch Question-Celebrate Writing

  1. According to paragraph 1, what was Mart Gutzler not afraid of?
  2. According to paragraph 2, who was on the plane?
  3. According to paragraph 3, how did Sailor break her wrist?
  4. According to paragraph 4, why do you think Sailor was wearing shorts?
  5. Create a question based on the above information that you your classmates can answer to deepen their understanding.
  6. The transferable vocabulary word is divine intervention.  What does this word mean? Explain how the transferable vocabulary can be used in another subject?

Part 3: Work With a Partner

  1. Ask your partner if they agree with what is says in paragraph 6 about divine intervention?  Do you think it was divine intervention? Why or why not?
  2. In paragraph 7, the crash looked very serious.  What would you have done if you were Sailor after the crash?
  3. Do you agree with what your partner said in question 7?  Use the outline on the board for this question and answer.  This question is worth more than all the others.  Take your time writing your answer.

Use the outline on the board for #9


Article From:



http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/chi-divine-intervention-how-a-young-plane-crash-survivor-found-safety-20150105-story.html

Friday, January 9, 2015

Walking and Texting : SUP 401 Locate important details in passages {Common Core CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1}

1
WASHINGTON — Distracted walkers are walking in front of cars and into trees. Staring down at cellphones, they fall off curbs and bridges, and even walk into wet cement. They have gotten cuts and bruises and head injuries. Some have even been killed. Many cities and states are designing and promoting walkable neighborhoods, partly to attract more young people. At the same time, some are also giving tickets to distracted walkers and lowering speed limits to make streets safer for pedestrians.
2
Pedestrian injuries caused by cellphone use are up 35 percent since 2010, according to numbers from hospital emergency rooms. Every year, thousands of pedestrians are injured as they walk in cities. Some researchers say 1 out of 10 of those injuries are caused by a distracting mobile device such as a phone or portable music player. Utah and New Jersey have given tickets to people who text in dangerous walking situations. New York City now has lower speed limits, in part to make traffic less dangerous for distracted walkers.
3
“We have to design streets for the way people actually behave, and behavior is changing,” said Noah Budnick of NYC-based Transportation Alternatives. “If you’re looking at a phone when you’re walking around, that shouldn’t mean death. So we have to design forgiving streets.” New York City’s new speed limits are 20 miles per hour (mph) in Central Park and 25 mph in the rest of the city unless otherwise posted. The city has also been blocking off more streets to make safer pedestrian plazas where cars are not allowed.
4
U.S. Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx has given $1.6 million to Louisville, Kentucky; New York City and Philadelphia for walker-safety programs. “We’ve got to encourage people to have an awareness that this problem is a real problem,” Foxx said. In 2012, 78,000 pedestrians were injured. It is the highest number since 2001, according to the National Highway Traffic Administration. Also in 2012, 4,700 walkers were killed. That number has been increasing since 2009. It fell for several years before that. Some areas are focusing on stopping people who use cellphones while walking. Distracted walkers in Utah can get a $50 fine. In New Jersey, police gave tickets to people using phones while walking into traffic.
5
Philadelphia took a different approach. They made a joke of it. On April Fools’ Day 2012, the city painted “e-lanes” on sidewalks. These lanes were reserved for people staring at their phones. “We know that many, many people are using the sidewalks, looking at their iPhones, BlackBerrys, other electronic devices and they’re quite distracted by those devices, bumping into people,” Mayor Michael Nutter said in a video, as a distracted walker bumped into him.
6
Minnesota, Utah, North Carolina, South Carolina and Washington state have also begun pedestrian safety programs to reduce traffic deaths. San Francisco has pledged to spend $50 million on its Walk First program. The city will examine “high injury corridors” to determine why those areas are so dangerous. The plan also suggests raised crosswalks and traffic islands for pedestrians.  Distracted driving is also causing more pedestrian deaths, researchers say. A driver and a walker each staring at their cellphone is a dangerous combination. In a survey last year by ;Liberty Mutual Insurance, half of pedestrians admitted to talking on the phone while walking across the street. One out of 4 said they text or email while crossing the street, even though they realize it is dangerous.
7
University of Buffalo researcher Dr. Dietrich Jehle estimates that 1 in 10 pedestrian injuries is now related to distracted walking. He believes distracted walking causes more accidents than distracted driving. Jehle studied the issue while working as an emergency room doctor. Texting is the most dangerous thing to do while walking, he said — more dangerous than listening to music or talking on the phone. A 2011 study found that texting makes walking extremely difficult. People in walking simulations had a 61 percent error rate while texting.

“While talking on the phone is a distraction, texting is much more dangerous because you can’t see the path in front of you,” Jehle said.

Part 1: Fill in the chart with:
Noun: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Verb: Shows Action
Adjective: Modifies a Noun
Article: Refers to a Noun (remember, only “THE”,” An”,” A” are articles)

Word
Part of Speech
Noun, Verb, Article
What does it do? (Person, place, thing, idea) Or (Shows Action)
  1. Distracted
  2. Walkers

Adjective
Noun
Modifies a Noun
Person

LITERACY FOCUS
Part 2:  Stretch Question-Celebrate Writing

  1. According to paragraph 1, what are distracted walkers doing?
  2. According to paragraph 2, are injuries caused by cellphones up?  Cite the line which supports this.
  3. According to paragraph 3, What is New York City doing to make streets safer for pedestrians?
  4. According to paragraph 4, what can happened to a distracted walker in Utah?
  5. Create a question based on the above information that you your classmates can answer to deepen their understanding.
  6. The transferable vocabulary word is designing.  What does this word mean? Explain how the transferable vocabulary can be used in another subject?

Part 3: Work With a Partner

  1. Ask your partner if they agree with what is says in paragraph 4 about fining distracted walkers in Utah.
  2. Do you see anything negative about being a distracted walker?  List them.  You can use ideas from this article.
  3. Do you agree with what your partner said in question 7?  Use the outline on the board for this question and answer.  This question is worth more than all the others.  Take your time writing your answer.

Use the outline on the board for #9


Article From:



https://newsela.com/articles/distracted-walkers/id/6440/

Wednesday, January 7, 2015

Cold Weather : SUP 401 Locate important details in passages {Common Core CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1}

Temperatures are expected to dip below normal across much of the eastern half of the country from the Plains to the East Coast and as far south as Texas and Florida. As this first taste of winter moves in, the American Red Cross offers ten steps people can take to stay safe during the big chill.

1. Wear layers of lightweight clothing to stay warm. Gloves and a hat will help prevent losing your body heat.
2. Don’t forget your pets - bring them indoors. If they can’t come inside, make sure they have enough shelter to keep them warm and that they can get to unfrozen water.
3. Protect your pipes - run water, even at a trickle, to help prevent your pipes from freezing. Open the kitchen and bathroom cabinet doors to allow warmer air to circulate around the plumbing. Be sure to move any harmful cleaners and household chemicals out of the reach of children. Keep the garage doors closed if there are water lines in the garage.
4. Keep the thermostat at the same temperature day and night. Your heating bill may be a little higher, but you could avoid a more costly repair job if your pipes freeze and burst.
5. If you are using a space heater, place it on a level, hard surface and keep anything flammable at least three feet away – things such as paper, clothing, bedding, curtains or rugs.
6. Turn off space heaters and make sure fireplace embers are out before leaving the room or going to bed.
7. Never use a stove or oven to heat your home.
8. If you are using a fireplace, use a glass or metal fire screen large enough to catch sparks and rolling logs.
9. Use generators correctly – never operate a generator inside the home, including in the basement or garage.
10. Don’t hook a generator up to the home’s wiring. The safest thing to do is to connect the equipment you want to power directly to the outlets on the generator.
2
For more information on how to stay safe this winter, visit the winter storm safety information available on this web site 
If you are like most people, you feel cold every now and then during the winter. What you may not know is that just being really cold can make you very sick.  Young adults can lose body heat fast—faster than when they were younger. A big chill can turn into a dangerous problem before a  person even knows what’s happening. Doctors call this serious problem hypothermia (hi-po-ther-mee-uh).
3
Hypothermia is what happens when your body temperature gets very low. For an older person, a body temperature colder than 95 degrees can cause many health problems such as a heart attack, kidney problems, liver damage, or worse.  Being outside in the cold, or even being in a very cold house, can lead to hypothermia. You can take steps to lower your chance of getting hypothermia.









Part 1: Fill in the chart with:
Noun: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Verb: Shows Action
Adjective: Modifies a Noun
Article: Refers to a Noun (remember, only “THE”,” An”,” A” are articles)

Word
Part of Speech
Noun, Verb, Article
What does it do? (Person, place, thing, idea) Or (Shows Action)
  1. Temperature
  2. Dip
  3. The
       7. big

Noun
Verb
Article
Adjective
Thing
Shows Action
Refers to  a noun
Modifies a noun

LITERACY FOCUS
Part 2:  Stretch Question-Celebrate Writing

  1. According to paragraph 1, who is offering these tips on how to keep safe?
  2. According to tip #1, what type of clothing should you wear when it is freezing outside?
  3. According to tip # 5, how should you use a space heater?
  4. According to tip # 7, what should you never use to heat your home?
  5. Create a question based on the above information that you your classmates can answer to deepen their understanding.
  6. The transferable vocabulary word is Temperature.  What does this word mean? Explain how the transferable vocabulary can be used in another subject?

Part 3: Work With a Partner

  1. Ask your partner if they agree with what is says in paragraph 2 about the cold becoming a serious problem.  Why do they believe this?  Have they ever experienced a problem with the cold weather?
  2. In paragraph 7, the word Hypothermia is used when they are talking about older people.  Should older people take extra steps to be safe when it is cold outside?  Why do you think this?
  3. Do you agree with what your partner said in question 7?  Use the outline on the board for this question and answer.  This question is worth more than all the others.  Take your time writing your answer.

Use the outline on the board for #9


Article From:



http://www.cdc.gov/features/winterweather/